After seven years of classes, writing, and rewriting, I finally finished my novel. Apparently, that was the easy part because now I'm trying to find an agent, which I'm approaching with more trepidation than bungee jumping.
To make the agent search process less stressful, I've broken it down to two steps:
- Finding agents who might be interested in my type of novel (quirky, edgy, comedy, or satire)
- Vetting the agents to see if they're legit and successful at selling work similar to mine.
Next week, I'll offer links to advice on query letters and the dreaded synopsis.*
I) Finding Appropriate Agents
One of the first question any writer needs to ask himself: How many agents will I query before I give up and consider other options? I heard of one guy who hit 70 agents until he found one. I currently have a list of 45 possible agents, whom I'm contacting at a rate of 10 every two weeks.
Where to Look:
1) Ask friends and connectionsGetting a referral to an agent from one of their current authors is probably the best way to start. Ask friends and other authors. In my experience, some people I expected to help, wouldn't lift a finger. Other people whom I met only once, say at a party, gave me a referral. But you have to ask!
2) Consider agents attending writing conferences
Some writing conferences are worth attending. Some are a waste of time and money. Regardless, agents attending are probably looking for writers so you can read their profiles on the conference Web site and, if they cover your type of book, query them.
Writers conferences I've attended that were worthwhile for meeting agents:
- Grub Street Muse and the Marketplace in Boston. (Pros: you can meet with agents for 20 minutes. They will review your query letter and first 20 pages. Cons: expensive ($710 to see two agents and attend for one day, the minimum attendance.) But you can view the list of attending agents without signing up.
- Backspace conference in New York
I went to a live event in 2010. I met four agents, two were interested in seeing my finished novel. Unfortunately, this was five years ago: Since then, one of the agents left the business. I've contacted the other, who may or may not remember me. This event is now an online only event -- a virtual conference, but you can view the list of agents without signing up.
Good lists of conferences that agents attend:
3) Find authors of comparable books
Literature Map lets you enter the name of an author to other similar authors. My book is similar in flavor to novels written by author Joshua Ferris. Here's a list of comparable authors. I took some of these authors searched for their agents on a site called Publishers Marketplace ($25 a month, but worth the dough. More on Publishers Marketplace down below.)
|Find an author's agent using Publishers Marketplace.|
Also, check the cover of comparable books: Which authors are recommending this book? They may write comparable books.
4) Search by genre or category
There are numerous sites that let you search for agents by genre. Again, my book is not genre fiction -- romance, sci fi, mystery, etc -- but it may be classified as comedy, humor, satire, debut fiction, or quirky depending on the Web site
Query Tracker (free)
|Results for a Query Tracker search on agents who will consider "quirky" novels.|
Agent Query (free)
|Results for an Agent Query search on "quirky."|
Publishers Marketplace ($25/month)
|A search on agents who've sold novels from "debut authors."|
5) Visit sites where agents post what they're looking for
Some agents post what type of books they're looking for on Twitter using the hashtag #mswl or on the Web site Manuscript Wish List. To search on Twitter, enter the hastag, then a space, and your genre.
|To search on Twitter, enter the hastag, then a space, and your genre. In this example, I search for: #mswl quirky.|
|Here I searched the list of genres, indicated by the arrow, for humor.|
6) Consider social media long shots (Note: I haven't tried this yet)
- Post on Facebook and ask friends if they know an agent or an agented author who might talk to you.
- Check LinkedIn connections: You may have some agents connected to you or have connections who are connected to a literary agent. In this case, I would vet the agent and consider mentioning in my query letter something like the following:
"Dear Agent X.
I am contacting you because we are connected on LinkedIn by <connections name> and because you represent <name of a comparable author or appropriate genre>"
|Agents I'm connected to on Linked In I might consider vetting and querying|
II) Vet the agents
1) Check their recent sales on Publishers MarketplaceIf they haven't sold any books similar to mine recently, might be best to skip them.
|Use Publishers Marketplace to see if an agent has been selling books like yours recently.|
2) Visit agent's Web site for querying instructionsHere you'll find information on what the agent wants to see in a query and offers a good way of double-checking information found on other sites.
3) Look for dirt: Is that agent legit?
Writers Beware and Preditors and Editors list problem agents.
- Writers Beware: Thumbs down page on http://www.sfwa.org/other-resources/for-authors/writer-beware/thumbs-down-agency/
- Preditors and Editors list of agents to avoid: http://pred-ed.com/peala.ht
|The Writers Beware "Thumbs Down" page lists questionable agents.|
|Preditors Editors also offers information on problem agents.|
- My query letter
- How many agents should you query? (old, but interesting advice)
- Query Letter Confusion: When One Agent Says A and Another Says B
Next week: More on Searching for on Agent
- query letters: Let them know that you're not just another knucklehead and why you're contacting them.
- resources for writing the dreaded synopsis, how I wrote mine.
*Note: I am not attempting to pass myself off as an expert. This article is a compilation of advice that author friends have followed. The advice seemed to make sense to me, so I'm following it. I am two weeks into the process. So far, three agents have told me to take a hike and one is reading my full manuscript. Fingers crossed.
Photo credit: Not sure who to credit for the photo, but the image is of me bungee jumping in New Zealand.